Common name: Gamhar
Indian names: Kannada: Shivani • Konkani: Sirni • Hindi: Gamhar • Tamil: Kumalaamaram • Malayalam: Kumbil • Telugu: Peddagumudutekku • Sanskrit: Madhumati
Botanical name: Gmelina arborea
Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
Gamhar is a beautiful fast growing deciduous tree occurring naturally throughout greater part of India up to 1500m.
It is commonly planted as a garden and avenue tree.
It is a fast growing tree, which though grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750-4500 mm rainfall.
The tree attains moderate to large height up to 30 m with girth of 1.2 to 4.5 m with a clear bole of 9-15 m.
It is a treat to see the gamhar tree standing straight with clear bole having branches on top and thick foliage forming a conical crown on the top of the tall stem.
Bark light grey coloured exfoliating in light coloured patches when old, blaze thick, a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, pale yellow white inside.
Flowering takes place during February to April when the tree is more or less leafless whereas fruiting starts from May onwards up to June.
Flowers occur in narrow branching clusters at the end of branches. The yellow flower, tinged with brown, is trumpet shaped, 3-4 cm long. The trumpets flare open into a gaping mouth with 5 distinct lobes.
Location at the lake:
Far end (hutments side) near the main road